Within these twenty principles, based heavily on Bushido and Zen, lies the philosophy of Shotokan.
The principles allude to notions of humility, respect, compassion, patience, and both an inward and outward calmness.
and is widely credited with popularizing "karate do" through a series of public demonstrations, and by promoting the development of university karate clubs, including those at Keio, Waseda, Hitotsubashi (Shodai), Takushoku, Chuo, Gakushuin, and Hosei.
Those who progress to brown and black belt level develop a much more fluid style that incorporates grappling, throwing and some standing joint locking jiu-jitsu-like techniques, which can be found even in basic kata.) which form the foundations of the art, before some of his students established the JKA.However, many schools of JKA (Japan Karate Association) affiliated Shotokan Karate used the full terminology on a daily basis, providing translations also.For example, the KUI (Karate Union of Ireland), utilises the full and proper Japanese name for each move and kata in training, grading and competition.It was Funakoshi's belief that through karate practice and observation of these 20 principles, the karateka would improve their person.The Dojo kun lists five philosophical rules for training in the dojo; seek perfection of character, be faithful, endeavor to excel, respect others, refrain from violent behaviour. The Dojo kun is usually posted on a wall in the dojo, and some shotokan clubs recite the Dojo kun at the beginning and/or end of each class to provide motivation and a context for further training.Rank is used in karate to indicate experience, expertise, and to a lesser degree, seniority.